Trains and trucks needed for ethanoladmin
With new ethanol plants going online monthly and increasing demand for the homegrown fuel additives, transportation companies are scurrying to provide the needed trains, trucks and storage tanks to keep up with the rapidly growing industry.
The fuel additive industry is growing from regional to national distribution, driven by a federal renewable fuels standard beginning in 2006 that is expected to double the use of ethanol by 2012.
The transportation system must keep up to move the raw materials to processing plants and ship the fuel from the Corn Belt to markets around the country.
”There is a challenge and there will be a challenge as both of these products begin to get more use outside of the middle section of the country,” said Scott Weiser, president of the Iowa Motor Truck Association, a trade group. ”Several members of our congressional delegation have indicated there needs to be a focus on those issues of infrastructure and transportation if and when we are going to serve the rest of the nation.”
Several states offer tax incentives or funding for development and promotion of ethanol. They include Florida, New York, Illinois, Idaho, Delaware and Arkansas.
In New York, for example, E85 fuel, an ethanol blend, is exempt from state sales taxes and the state requires government agencies to use E85 when possible.
And as demand grows, so do the needs for an improved transportation network.
”It already is a challenge with just transporting the normal products the railroads transport,” Kimberley said. ”We’ll have to be moving more and more renewable fuels that way unless we figure out ways to send this stuff through petroleum pipelines.”
Iowa, the nation’s leading ethanol producer, has plants that can produce more than a billion gallons of ethanol a year and plans are under way to nearly double that, according to the Iowa Corn Growers Association.
About 75 percent of the nation’s annual production of 4.3 billion gallons of ethanol a year is moved by rail, with the remaining 25 percent transported by truck, according to the Renewable Fuels Association.
Infrastructure is growing across the country, the association said in an annual industry report released in February.
”Infrastructure is being expanded from Massachusetts to Baltimore to Atlanta. Railroad and terminal companies are working to expand their ability to accommodate larger volumes of ethanol,” the report said.
Weisner said the trucking industry also has seen an expansion around ethanol plants, which need abundant supplies of corn and soybeans to be shipped in and the finished product to be trucked out by tanker trucks.
Although trucks are used to transport fuels shorter distances, much of the long-distance shipping is done by rail, which is considered more efficient for shipping large volumes of fuel long distances.
Spokesmen for major rail companies, including the nation’s largest freight hauler, Union Pacific, said they are investing in track improvements near ethanol plants.
A privately owned short-line railroad in northeast Iowa is planning a large expansion, spending $55 million to upgrade its track and expand operations.
”We’re trying to gear up so that in five years the railroad has the capacity to handle 2 billion gallons of biofuels,” said Iowa Northern Railway President Dan Sabin.